This week back in 1973, Pink Floyd’s The Dark Side Of The Moon was released on Harvest Records UK. We’re taking a look back in history to find out more about the album that became an epitaph of modern music.
The year 1973 is particularly significant, as it falls squarely within what is regarded as the golden age of recording. That same year, Stevie Wonder released his iconic Innervisions album and a relatively unknown London band called Queen launched their debut album.
It’s also important to note that The Dark Side Of The Moon was Floyd’s eighth studio album. As a highly successful band signed to EMI, one of the biggest recording companies of all time, there was very little limitation on budget, if any.
Recording The Dark Side Of The Moon
This meant that together, David Gilmour, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, and Richard Wright had limitless access to Abbey Road with arguably some of the greatest recording equipment ever designed and a young, passionate engineer with something to prove named Alan Parsons.
The album took over 8 months to record and made use of many recording and sampling techniques which were considered groundbreaking for the time. In addition, an incredible amount of detail was paid to aspects like mic placement and the tuning of the toms.
The result is still considered a particularly nuanced work and the remasters have always explored new high-fidelity listening formats over the years. Let’s take a look at some of the key instruments used in the recording process.
EMI TG12345 MKIV
The renowned EMI TG12345 modular console was first installed at Abbey Road in the late 1960s and was famously put to use by The Beatles during the Sgt. Peppers‘ sessions when the band required more inputs and recording channels.
It was the first solid-state EMI console and was equipped with 24 mic inputs spread over 12 modules. Each module had its own solid-state compressor/limiter based on the Fairchild and Altec designs previously used at EMI studios.
Along with the console, Alan Parsons used a 16-track Studer A80 2-inch tape machine, Fairchild 660 limiters, and an EMT 140 plate along with Abbey Road’s physical echo chambers for reverb.
Chandler Limited TG Serie Mini Rack Mixer
Now possibly the world’s most famous guitar, “The Black Strat” was David Gilmour’s primary weapon of choice for most of his career. Over the years, the Strat continuously underwent modifications to meet the specs of Gilmour’s ever-changing guitar setups both in studio and on stage.
For this reason, these mods were often temporary, ranging from an XLR connector that killed the noise from his Dallas Arbiter Fuzz Face pedal to Kluson tuners, and a Gibson PAF Humbucker installed between the bridge and middle positions.
In 2019, The Black Strat was auctioned for just shy of 4 million dollars along with a collection of 120 of Gilmour’s favourite guitars. Proceeds went to Client Earth, an environmental charity organization.
Luckily you won’t have to show up at a Christie’s auction just to get a decent Strat these days, and they do still come in black.
Fender Custom 56 Strat Relic MBKM B
EMS Synthi AKS
Both Gilmour and Waters loved EMS synthesizers, not only for the sound but for their inspiring interfaces that simply bubbled with creativity. Apart from Gilmour’s personal custom Synthi Hi-Fli, they also used a VCS 3 (1969), a Synthi A (1971), and a Synthi AKS (1972).
Gilmour describes the making of On The Run, which began by entering a sequence on the Synthi AKS’s miniature keyboard. This idea was then modified by Waters, who was excited by how the sequence could be manipulated over a long passage of time.
The Synthi uses a patch-pin matrix for modulation routing, which gives it a unique appeal and extensive sound design potential. As an alternative, if the Arturia Synthi V plug-in isn’t enough, you can try the Erica Synths Syntrx which is based on the Synthi AKS.
Erica Synths SYNTRX
Richard Wright’s keyboard parts are scattered throughout The Dark Side Of The Moon. For the most part, he used his Wurlitzer 200 and occasionally the studio’s Rhodes in parts.
On tracks like Money, you can hear a wah effect in use, and Wright also made use of a Binson Echorec to introduce more spatial characteristics to the sound.
Viscount Legend `70s Artist W EX
Binson effects were essential to the Pink Floyd sound from the very beginning, with original frontman Syd Barrett using the Binson delay famously on Interstellar Overdrive. In addition, Richard Wright also frequently used Binson effects on his electric piano parts, as well as Gilmour on guitar.
Echo Fix EF-X2 Tape Echo Black
What is your favourite piece of gear used by Pink Floyd? Please let us know in the comments below!
More about The Dark Side Of The Moon:
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- EMI TG12345: Abbey Road
- "The Black Strat": Christie's
- EMS Synthi AKS: Sound Gas
- Wurlitzer 200: Tone Tweakers
- Binson Echorec: Sound Gas